Spider veins, varicose veins, and venous insufficiency are strong indicators of vein disease, but they also come with other complications that can worsen your existing conditions over time. Here are five conditions that can arise when varicose veins, spider veins, and venous insufficiency go untreated.
1. Pain and Discomfort
Although spider and varicose veins appear to be harmless, they can cause significant pain and suffering when they begin to expand in size and number. Many symptoms of vein illness, such as spider veins, aching legs, or fatigue, are typically dismissed as part of the natural aging process. However, even if the veins themselves do not appear to be a major source of worry, the pain is mostly caused by the underlying venous insufficiency. As a result, if you have a large number of visible veins, you should see a reputable vein clinic to see if you have a vein illness that needs professional care.
2. Poor Cosmesis (Ugly Appearance)
Poor cosmesis, or the unsightly look of spider and varicose veins on the legs, can make individuals feel self-conscious. It is vital to recognise them and get vein treatment at a vein clinic before they worsen. Spider veins are also known as:
- thin, at less than a millimeter in diameter
- look like red, blue, or purple spider webs
- clusters can be found in the legs or on the face
Varicose veins are:
- much bigger than spider veins, at over three millimeters in diameter
- tend to look like a knotted rope, with uneven distribution and areas that bulge
- found in the legs, inner thighs, buttocks, and lower pelvic regions
Both spider and varicose veins will worsen over time until the venous insufficiency causing them is addressed, so it is vital to seek vein treatment as soon as you notice them.
Even the smallest touch, bump, or scrape can trigger excessive bleeding for bulging varicose veins that stretch out the skin above them. If your varicose veins begin to bleed, lie down and elevate your legs above the level of your heart, then apply pressure to guide blood flow away from your legs and back to your heart. If the bleeding does not stop within two minutes, go to the local emergency department and schedule an appointment at a vein treatment clinic.
4. Skin Conditions
Varicose veins can lead to a variety of skin conditions, but the most common conditions reported are eczema, lipodermatosclerosis, and leg ulcers.
Eczema, also known as stasis dermatitis, develops when the weakened skin around injured veins turns red and scaly as a result of inflammation or an accumulation of hemosiderin, a dark red pigment released from broken blood cells that leak out of the veins. Eczema is more frequent on the bottom of the legs, where varicose veins are most common or severe.
Lipodermatosclerosis is a more severe skin disorder that affects the subcutaneous tissue underneath the skin. Vein injury and the consequent loss of blood flow can induce scarring of the surrounding subcutaneous tissue, resulting in permanent damage, hyperpigmentation, and skin stiffness.
Blood accumulation in the lower extremities can produce a rise in blood pressure, which can eventually cause the skin to tear. If the conditions worsen, these skin tears can lead to leg ulcers, which are open sores that may not heal effectively due to a lack of blood supply to the area.
5. Deep Vein Thrombosis
The most dangerous potential complication of untreated varicose veins is deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The disorder begins as superficial vein thrombosis, when blood clots form inside big varicose veins, and progresses to DVT when these clots dislodge and move to deep veins, causing damage to the vein walls as the clot scrapes along the sidewalls of the blood vessels. In the worst-case scenario, the clot will go to the lungs and cause a pulmonary embolism, which is fatal.
Where can I seek vein treatment?
If you have spider veins or varicose veins, and even one or more of these 5 complications of vein disease explained in this article, seek vein treatment as soon as possible. Make an appointment at the Vein Treatment Clinic location in New York City, a reputable vein clinic with expert vein specialists that is conveniently located in the heart of New York. The vein treatment clinic is close to notable landmarks such as the Empire State Building and Chrysler Building.Click here for directions and check out the Vein Treatment Clinic location in New York City in Manhattan or Long Island for vein treatment today!