Do your gums bleed easily when you brush or floss? You’re not alone. According to a study conducted by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), half of the American population over the age of 30 suffers from bleeding gums. Swollen and bleeding gums indicate gum tissue infection. If left untreated, the infection may spread and harm the surrounding bone and tissue. Eventually, your teeth decay to such an extent that they either fall out or require removal altogether. Oral care is necessary to prevent gum and periodontal diseases. This includes regular brushing, flossing, and routine visits to a dental professional.
If you see signs of gum disease, please visit a periodontist near you to seek immediate periodontal treatment. In this article, we explore periodontal diseases and explain how they can be treated at a highly recommended dental clinic in Houston for periodontal disease treatment.
What Does Periodontal Mean? What are Periodontal Diseases?
“Perio” means around and “dontol” means teeth. Periodontal diseases are infections of the structures around the teeth, including the bone and tissue, gums, and periodontal ligament. Gingivitis (i.e., infection of gums) is the earliest stage of periodontal disease. If you don’t seek timely treatment, the infection may spread to other tissues, rendering periodontal disease treatment necessary.
What Bacteria Causes Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is caused by various bacteria present in dental plaque — a sticky substance that accumulates over the teeth’s surface over time. In an attempt to destroy the bacteria, our immune system releases substances that inflame and damage our gums and tissue surrounding the teeth and periodontal ligament. This results in swollen and painful gums, bleeding gums, tooth loss, and gingivitis. Daily brushing and flossing remove some of the plaque and tartar from your teeth, but these efforts alone are insufficient. You also need to visit a dental clinic regularly for professional deep cleaning. If oral care and regular dental visits are neglected, the accumulated plaque spreads below the gum line. Your gums swell up and recede as a result. This also leads to the formation of pockets between the tooth and gums, which further encourages plaque accumulation. Over time, this leads to severe gingivitis, periodontitis, and the destruction of surrounding bone and tissue, which may eventually lead to loss of teeth and gums.
Procedures for Periodontal Treatment
It is best to seek periodontal treatment as soon as you notice the first signs of gum disease. If you catch the disease early enough, it can be treated with some simple procedures. Periodontitis is often treated with oral surgery, in which a soft tissue laser removes the infection and restores oral health. Depending on the severity of your condition, gum disease is treated with oral medication, non-surgical procedures, or, in the worst cases, through surgery.
Professional Dental Cleaning
During this procedure, the dentist removes plaque and tartar from the teeth.
If you have periodontitis, you must seek dental cleaning on a regular basis. As a part of periodontal maintenance, this prevents the accumulation of bacteria. It also reduces the harmful effects of periodontal disease.
Scaling and Root Planning Procedure
If the infection has spread from your gums to the root and surrounding bone and tissue, then scaling and root planning is necessary. In this procedure, the accumulated plaque and tartar are scraped off the gum line. The root is then smoothened for reattachment of the separated gums and teeth.
Once periodontal disease advances to the second stage, you likely require intensive surgical treatments.
Flap Surgery/Pocket Reduction Surgery
During flap surgery, the gums are lifted backward and the accumulated tartar is removed. The gums are then placed back to their original position so that they fit properly around the teeth.
In this process, the dentist uses bone fragments to replace the damaged bone. This helps the bone grow back and restores teeth stability.
Soft Tissue Grafts
In this method, the dentist grafts tissue from the root of your mouth and fills the spaces where the gums have receded.
FAQs About Periodontal Treatment
Are teeth cleaning and periodontal treatment painful?
No. Teeth cleaning and periodontal treatment are not painful because the dentist uses a numbing solution on the relevant area before the procedure. You barely feel a thing.
How can periodontitis be cured?
You can prevent and treat periodontitis by consulting your dentist and ensuring regular oral hygiene. Be sure to do so at the earliest signs of the disease since periodontitis is incurable in its final stages.
What can I do to treat my own periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is a chronic disease that infects your mouth. Even if you make use of home remedies and over-the-counter products, you will be unable to treat the disease. After identifying and confirming that you have the disease, you must schedule regular appointments with your dentist.
Is an electric toothbrush better than the manual one?
Yes. An electric toothbrush is more efficient in removing plaque, making it the better option when compared with a manual one.
Which periodontal treatment can help me in this case?
The periodontal treatment suitable for you depends on your specific condition. In the early stage, you may only require a deep dental cleaning. In advanced stages may necessitate oral surgery to restore your oral health.
Does insurance cover gum recession surgery?
Yes, dental insurance usually covers surgical procedures for gum recession because it is a serious medical condition.
What treatments available for dental bone loss?
Treatments available for dental bone loss include gum grafting, composite bonding, porcelain & composite filling, and ridge augmentation.
Is it possible to reverse gum disease or cure it?
Yes. It is possible to reverse gum disease in its early stages through regular brushing, flossing, and dental clinic visits.
Best Clinics for Periodontal Treatment Near Me
At URBN Dental, our certified and reputable doctors specialize in surgical and non-surgical periodontal treatments that restore your oral health with minimal pain and discomfort.
Periodontal disease is a major cause of 70% of tooth loss amongst adults. Don’t join this statistic. Book an appointment at your nearest periodontal treatment center today!